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Science: Citations

American Chemical Society's Guide - Williams College

American Chemical Society's Citation Style

How to Format Reference Lists

Books | ArticlesTheses, Patents, Conferences | Web/Online


(ACS Style Guide, pp 300-305)

Single author

Chang, R. General Chemistry:  The Essential Concepts, 3rd ed.; McGraw-Hill:  Boston, 2003.

Edited Book

Gbalint-Kurti, G. G.  Wavepacket Theory of Photodissociation and Reactive Scattering. In Advances in Chemical Physics; Rice, S. A., Ed.; Wiley: New York, 2004; Vol. 128; p 257.

Book in Series

Goh, S. L.  Polymer Chemistry in an Undergraduate Curriculum. In Introduction of Macromolecular Science/Polymeric Materials into the Foundational Course in Organic Chemistry; ACS Symposium Series 1151; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2013; pp 113-127.

Article from a reference book

Powder Metallurgy.  Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed.; Wiley:  New York, 1982; Vol. 19, pp 28-62.


(ACS Style Guide, pp. 291-299 and pp. 317-319 for online articles )

Article in a scientific journal

Evans, D. A.; Fitch, D. M.; Smith, T. E.; Cee, V. J. Application of Complex Aldol Reactions to the Total Synthesis of Phorboxazole B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 10033-10046.

Article in a popular/non-scientific magazine

Manning, R. Super Organics. Wired, May 2004, pp 176-181.

Article from an online journal

Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007, 11, 383-393 (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Theses, Patents, Conferences, Technical Reports:

(ACS Style Guide, pp 307-316)


Thoman, J. W., Jr. Studies of Molecular Deactivation:  Surface-Active Free Radicals and S(O)para-difluorobenzene. Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1987.


Gehring, A. PhD. Dissertation, Harvard University, 1998.


Diamond, G.; Murphy, V.; Leclerc, M.; Goh, C.; Hall, K.; LaPointe, A. M.; Boussie, T.; Lund, C. Coordination catalysts. US 20020002257 A1, January 3, 2002.

Conference/Meetings (full-text)

Winstein, S. In University Chemical Education, Proceedings of the International Symposium on University Chemical Education, Frascati (Rome), Italy, October 16-19, 1969; Chisman, D. G.. Ed.; Butterworths:  London, 1970. 

Conference/Meetings (abstract only)

Kaplan, L.J.; Selder, A. Books of Abstracts, 213th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 13-17, 1997; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1997; CHED-824.

Technical Report or Bulletin

Crampton, S.B.; McAllaster, D. R. Collision and Motional Averaging Effects in Cryogenic Atomic Hydrogen Masers; WMC-AFOSR-002; NTIS:  Springfield, VA, 1983. 


(ACS Style Guide, pp 316-325)

Note: Different web browsers break the text in different places of a URL. In a printed work, if the URL needs to be broken at the end of a line, the break should be made after a colon or a double slash; before a single slash, a tilde, a period, a comma, a hyphen, an underline, a question mark, a number sign, or a percent symbol; or before or after an equals sign or an ampersand. (CMS 14.2)

Web page

National Library of Medicine. Environmental Health and Toxicology: Specialized Information Services.  (accessed Aug 23, 2004).

Article from an online journal

Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007, 11, 383-393 (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Article from full text database

Begley, S.  When Does Your Brain Stop Making New Neurons? Newsweek [Online] July 2, 2007, p 62. Expanded Academic Index.   http:/ (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Article published online in advance

Chung, J.M. and Peacock-Lopez, E. Cross-diffusion in the Templator model of chemical self-replication. Phys. Lett. A [Online early access].   DOI:10.1016/j.physleta.2007.04.114.  Published Online:  June 12, 2007. (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Computer Program

SciFinder Scholar, version 2007;  Chemical Abstracts Service:  Columbus, OH, 2007;  RN 58-08-2 (accessed Aug 23, 2007).

Chicago Style Manual Online